The crystal clear waters of Mediterranean surround the mountainous island of Sardinia. The cuisine of the rugged interior contrasts dramatically from the seafood prepared along the coast.
Sardinia is isolated from the rest of Europe, both geographically and culturally. Many ancient traditions are still alive today. The Nuragic people inhabited the island for over twelve centuries, during which they build their characteristic conical towers, called nuraghe.
The Phoenicians colonized a part of the region in the 13th century and founded the cities of Cagliari and Nora. With the arrival of the Carthangians, the Nuragic population was forced up into the mountains. This created a sharp social and cultural distinction between the people living on the coast and low hills and those isolated in the mountains, proud of their independence and ability to survive in an hostile climate.
The habitable areas are often divided by large mountain furrows and valleys, making it difficult to for people living in the mountains to reach one another. The coastal landscape, on the other hand, is composed primarily of high, rocky cliffs and picturesque beaches in the gulfs of Cagliari, Asinara, Oristano and Palmas.
Tourists flock to the areas of Gallura, with its islands of Maddalena and Caprera, and the gulf of Olbia, known for its beautiful Emerald Coast. The rocky coastline is equally as captivating, especially the Arbatax, the Grotta del Bue Marino or the fascinating bear-shaped rock formation at Capo Pala